Energy consumption in China and the United States is growing quickly, but no region has experienced a greater boom in its demand in recent years than the Middle East.
Comparing 2007 — the most recent year for which data are available through the International Energy Agency and the World Bank — with the demand exactly a decade earlier provides a snapshot of just how much that energy appetite has grown in the Middle East. Growth figures include:
- Oman, up 135.9%
- Qatar, up 112.9%
- Iran, up 95.9%
- Yemen, up 94.5%
- Egypt, up 73.2%
- Saudi Arabia, up 61.8%
That’s compared to an 80% growth in China and a 9.1% growth in the U.S.
Granted, none of the Middle Eastern countries consume nearly as much energy as either China or the U.S. (Iran is closest at 184,935 kilotons, a fraction of the U.S.’s 2.3 million kiloton consumption and China’s 1.95 kiloton consumption). But the Middle East’s rapid change is a key driver in the region’s current push to maximize efficiency and to pursue sustainable energy goals.
As part of our focus on the region this week, which includes a look at water scarcity and new energy technology deals to help close that energy gap, our infographic below puts Middle East energy demand in perspective.
* Read more Middle East stories on GE Reports